As Smart421’s partnership with Amazon Web Services (AWS) is slowly moving from pure infrastructure work into full cloud-based solution architecture design, I’ve recently spent some time analysing their IaaS platform from that angle.
My immediate goal with this was to better understand how the infrastructure side of my solutions are going to be affected by this paradigm shift moving forward. In other words, I was preparing myself to have a conversation with my infrastructure architect, let’s call him Jimmy, and not be caught showing my complete ignorance on the matter… again. :D
To my surprise I’ve found out that AWS, and IaaS in general, has a much more profound effect on my end to end solution design than just infrastructure, the key being how the “Servicelisation of Infrastructure” (sorry) provides a great mechanism to finally comprehensively address NFRs at the application view and close what I use to call “the leap of faith into the iron”… let me explain that.
We all know by now that our solution design is always going to start by a business architecture exercise that will feed the solution requirements, including functional and data requirements but also those dreaded non-functional requirements (NFRs)**, to our data and application architects, who in turn will produce the data model and component view, and that will be followed by our infrastructure architect, who will come up with the technical platform all those application components will run. Fine and dandy, but…
Dreaded NFRs? Why? Well, while it is quite straightforward for our data architect to create a logical data model out of the data requirements, or it is just BAU for our application architect to derive the system capabilities to cover the functional requirements, it is not easy for any of the two to cope with those NFRs… How does our data architect react to a NFR such as “the system shall process 2 million transactions per day”? Or what does our application architect think of the NFR “the site will provide the same response times independently of the location of the user”? Well, in most of the cases the reaction will be “Well, that’s for infrastructure to answer, isn’t it? Let’s pass those ugly things to Jimmy, he’ll know what to do with them…”.
So that leaves us with that situation we’ve been so many times, in which we provide a very detailed application architecture to Jimmy alongside a very long list of performance related requirements, hoping, and here’s the leap of faith I was referring to earlier, that our infrastructure hero will know how to put a lot of heavy equipment together that somehow magically will achieve those very ambitious performance goals…please raise your hands if that has never happened to you, or if that hasn’t inevitably ended up in all sort of performance issues detected just too late down the line, maybe a couple of weeks prior to go-live? Anyone?
Well, let’s see how Infrastructure as a Service may come to our rescue. Just do this simple exercise: go to the Amazon Web Services site and read all the documentation of the offering, all of it, trying to ignore the fact that it describes an infrastructure platform and rather set your mind-set as if you were looking at the functionalities of just another software system that needs to be part of your component architecture… Interestingly enough this made a “magic click” in my head, and suddenly I was thinking about my solution and my application architecture*** in terms of capabilities, functionalities and features that elegantly addressed all those long hated NFRs!
I’ve put this idea to test for a CMS solution I’ve been playing around with recently; I would have never typically defined capabilities such as a “Fast Access Data Access Layer” or a “Low Latency Distribution of Content” in my capabilities inventory, but suddenly my understanding of those AWS services such as ElastiCache or CloudFront made it dead simple to think about the NFRs and translate them to discrete solution components.
And what’s even more interesting is my design is not immediately coupled to the given IaaS platform as a result, not at all. As with the rest of the solution, these components and capabilities allow for a fit-gap exercise against the available options to be answered by my infrastructure architect: Do we achieve global performance by deploying the servers in our corporate data centres or maybe by deploying them in the AWS regions in the cloud? Or do I just keep my platform in a single location within my premises and use a CDN pull-zone for low latency delivery of static content? Quite a different proposition for Jimmy than the old “make it quick, boy”!
Now the problem is addressed where it should be in the design process, at the logical level, and decomposed into a set of features that achieve full traceability from the business into the application and then into the infrastructure layer and then back up again… the work of our infrastructure architect is now so much easier, as it is the predictability of our design exercise! Life is good! :D
Well just a thought in any case… I guess most of you were already through this learning, but just in case you had your own Jimmy’s suffering, this is a nice mental approach to try to bridge the gap.
* Infrastructure as a Service; I’ve focused this analysis to this type of cloud offering as it is probably where the biggest gap between architecture practices exist. In big organizations with dedicated software, middleware or platform architecture functions a similar situation will probably exist in which we could follow a similar approach with SaaS (eg. Microsoft Dynamics CRM Online) or PaaS (eg. Microsoft Azure)…
** It’s worth mentioning the usual problem of the business architecture exercise not really producing NFRs other than maybe a couple of fuzzy “it must be like really really fast” or “the site needs to look gorgeous”… this article is working on the bold assumption that our business analysts have been able to get blood out of stones and have coaxed the business into expressing real tangible NFRs to come along with the rest of requirements.
*** After all aren’t we solution architects just application architects with a good working knowledge of the other disciplines? At least I’ll confess that’s my case…